BASIC REHABILITATION

Visual rehabilitation

Зрителна рехабилитация 3An individual programme of adequate tasks provides development and better use of low sight.

This curriculum, as an integral part of the whole rehabilitation process, will satisfy the growing needs of the rehabilitation of the low eyesight. A low –sighted person is usually confronted by the choice to live and function as a blind or as a seeing person. The visual rehabilitation must do the maximum to involve the Зрителна рехабилитация 1person in the second alternative. The basic aim of the visual rehabilitation training is to achieve a better use of the low eyesight, responding to the individual needs of the person, by an individual programme of proper visual tasks. The training in visual rehabilitation should perform the following tasks:

  1. It should make the visually impaired people realize their individual capabilities to use low eyesight to the maximum

  2. It should form systems of new and various visual skills on a poly- sensor base.

  3. It should ensure the coordination of the ocular analyzer with the others.

  4. Achieving a better visual effectiveness should cooperate for a more successful use of low eyesight in every-day life and professional activity.

  5. The training in visual rehabilitation should cooperate to the development of useful social skills.

The training includes individual classes with low-sighted clients, during which they acquire skills in preserving, development and optimal use of impaired sight through:

  • Use of special technical devices as “closed television”, electronic, hand and desk magnifiers and light magnifiers;

  • Reading, writing, focusing;

  • Hygiene and safety of the use of sight;

  • Individual work on enhancing functional sight efficiency;

  • Methods of proper use of impaired sight.